Tag Archives: Venezuela

About political situation in Venezuela today

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A lot of people argue that these protests are too early. That the barrios are not participating. That the people still support the Government widely and many other such arguments. While there is evidence to counteract each of these claims, I think they try to oversimplify the problem. In the end, the “barrios” are not where the opposition is weak, it is in the very rural states, where the people have a very high dependence on the Government. These are the true Chavista strongholds, where the media is fully dominated by the Government and the opposition gets less than 40% of the vote in any given election. In the barrios of the big cities, the 2013 Presidential elections tended to be closer, with the opposition scoring wins in many.
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Is Democracy such a good thing?

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The concept of democracy in politics is still seen by some countries as “the best and most effective type of government” because it provides with the same opportunities and the same equality to all its members. However even when in Western countries democracy is effective and it seems to be partially fair; democracy still has a long way to come in developing countries. This essay will discuss Is democracy such a good thing?

The name of the greatest Greek invention is today known as democracy and had the principle of Isonomy which refers to the same rules for everyone. Therefore there was nobody up the law and obedience was a global concept. Nevertheless, democracy was born between conflicts and instead of solving them, they appear to grow partially even at a wide range in the 21th century. The reason is the more freedom we have the less tranquillity we live in. Moreover, Finer (1997)[1] was correct in acknowledging the Athenian contribution to Western politics: “the Greeks invented two of the most potent political features of our present age: they invented the very idea of citizen- as opposed to subject- and they invented democracy”.

Even so, to answer if democracy is such a good thing is necessary to define the vices and virtues of such regime so we can have a clear view of what we are dealing with.

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¿San Valentín global?

Hoy 14 de Febrero se conmemora el día de San Valentín también llamado día del amor. Para todos aquellos que tengan la gracia de disfrutar estar acompañados de la mujer/hombre de su vida o ‘un peor es nada’ hoy se recuerda ese sentimiento tan humano llamado amor. Y es que a la final; eso es lo que importa. El amor: por quienes te rodean, por lo que haces, por lo que eres y por donde estas; que a su vez tiene como consecuencia que las demás cosas alrededor de ti fluyan como deben fluir y contribuyan a tu crecimiento como ser humano. Pues sabemos que no hay nada más humano que el amor. Pero ¿que tal el amor entre países?.. ¿Existe? Las organizaciones sin fines de lucro y ayuda humanitaria lo hacen…..por amor? En este aspecto escritores como Larry Diamond (The Spirit of Democracy); afirman que los países actúan principalmente según sus intereses. Y que las relaciones diplomáticas no creen en amor sino en bienestar y cooperación ya sea nacional o internacional. En todos los sentidos se busca hacia la paz; es lo que se quiere sustentar a corto y largo plazo en cualquier nación pero… ¿amor? No me parece. ¿Por qué? Porque entre países se hace es guerra, no se puede hace el amor. Veamos que sucede en el mundo acerca del ‘amor’ entre países actualmente:

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Can armed humanitarian intervention ever be justified?

Since its beginnings armed humanitarian intervention has represented a dilemma to war, peace and international ethics because it involves the moral issue of when to intervene and if these interventions are justifiable.  Moreover there are the different theories in favour and against of armed intervention. This essay will discuss:  Can armed humanitarian intervention ever be justified?

In order to make this essay clearer is to believe that a couple of definitions should be made beforehand; humanitarian intervention and armed intervention. Firstly, ‘humanitarian intervention is traditionally defined as the use of force by states to protect human rights. This definition presumes that states should do the intervening in order to maintain civil rights and of course the welfare and peace in society’.[1]Nowadays, it is sometimes argued that this traditional definition is obsolete because humanitarian intervention is increasingly a matter of collective action under UN auspices, not action undertaken by states acting on their own authority and under their own law. Secondly, we speak of armed intervention when that exercise involves the use of military force. An armed intervention is humanitarian when its aim is to protect innocent people who are not nationals of the intervening state from violence perpetrated or permitted by the government of the target state.[2] Additionally, armed intervention to stop a massacre is likely to be only the first of many measures needed to restore order to a chaotic society and prevent subsequent massacres. If prevention is important, then is to believe that the challenge for humanitarian policy is to move from responding to humanitarian crises to forestalling them.

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Can democracy emerge in any country, or must there be some pre-requisites in place beforehand

Since the middle 70’s most scholars would agree that the adoption of democracy along the countries worldwide have been wide and far. Today democracy is a global concept that states are willing to take. However, there is the broad discussion about the elements for democracy to emerge and whether if it’s likely or not; this essay will discuss:  Can democracy emerge in any country, or must there be some pre-requisites in place beforehand?

Yes, democracy in theory is able to emerge in any country as it don’t know any boundaries, whatever  the political past is; it can be argued that has to do mostly with people and mentality towards a democratic change rather than anything else. Though in practice is different; reason are explained next.

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Días de Dragón (El Año Nuevo Chino 2012)

Hoy empieza el Año del Dragón, considerada por mucha gente la criatura más poderosa del zodiaco chino. En la cultura asiática el Año del Dragón es auspicioso para el matrimonio, los nacimientos y el éxito. Pero también trae complicaciones: la mítica criatura tiene grandes poderes relacionados al agua y la lluvia, lo que puede significar ‘según dicen’ buenas cosechas pero también inundaciones y otros desastres naturales. Según comentan algunos astrólogos chinos. Yo personalmente me inclino hacia el hecho de que arranco el año nuevo chino. Para casi 1.500 millones de chinos ha comenzado este fin de semana el año 4.710 del calendario, el año del Dragón.

A nivel mitológico y zodiacal el dragón es un animal muy especial, porque las cabezas de estas bestias ahuyentan el mal. Se augura por tanto un año de tranquilidad en el que habrá cambios positivos y se retomará una “dirección más correcta” en el ámbito económico…pero; para quien? 

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Can democracy ever be ‘fully’ consolidated?

In democratic theories there is the debate whether democracy can be fully consolidated or not. There is the common argument that consolidation is possible in every democratic regime, but a ‘fully consolidation’ seems to be more unlikely.  This essay will discuss: Can democracy ever be ‘fully consolidated’?

In the last decades ‘democracy has been widely recognized as the best political regime yet invented, because its citizens are both treated with respect, dignity and have some say in political decision-making’.[1] In this sense, democracy can be consolidated, but not completely. To understand this: consolidation is seen as a scale; because of multiple different factors that are used to work out whether a democracy is consolidated or not. Therefore, it would be wrong to see democratic consolidation as a dichotomy. For example; if two democracies (A,B) were equal in almost every way sharing similar political institutions, ethnic divisions, size, region, political culture; it would be absurd to classify A as a consolidated democracy and B not just because A has more equality of wealth.  Instead a better classification would be to say that A is more consolidated than B. The bottom-line here is that, democratic consolidation is best understood as a scale; this means that for a country to be ‘fully consolidated’ it must be at the very top of the consolidation scale. Moreover, for a country to be consolidated it would have to be on balance more likely to it to remain a democracy than to revert back to a non-democracy. In this case; it could be argued that for such a state to exist is almost impossible as for it to do so all the possibly relevant factors would have to be a factor strengthening democracy or at least not weakening it. To a national level, even in Britain for example, the lack of a codified constitution, the rise of BNP and declining turnout can all be pointed to as factors which make Britain’s democracy not fully consolidated because under the right conditions they could make the UK slide into authoritarianism.  Although this is not likely the existence of these weaknesses in Britain’s democracy still mean that the UK can’t be called a fully consolidated democracy.

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Prospectos 2012 y Navidad 2011

Ahora que la Navidad se acerca, es difícil no pensar en ello y más aún es no contagiarse de alguna manera u otra del sentimiento navideño. Y es verdad; la Navidad tiende a cambiar el humor de la gente y ponernos en ‘modo Xmas’. Para aquellos que no tienen trabajo; por ejemplo, la Navidad es la excusa perfecta para deambular por los centros comerciales buscando ofertas y viendo vitrinas (cuantas cosas me gustaría comprarme o poder regalar). También es buena excusa para salir de la casa, ver gente, dejarse llevar por el sentimiento de alegría y compartir así sea una sonrisa (que son gratis) con la vieja de la parada de autobús que tengo 3 años  que no saludo. Para aquellos que si tienen trabajo, es un buen momento para regalar algo bueno, bonito y no necesariamente barato. A la final, es dar y recibir, pero es mas el sentimiento de dar sin esperar nada a cambio lo que hace esta época tan especial.

El otro aspecto de esta época  es la capacidad que tiene para hacernos recordar y vivir buenos momentos. Como cuando éramos chicos; cuando éramos felices y no lo sabíamos. Y bueno; después de adultos el Bayley’s gratis o el Ponche Crema que nos brinda el pure o el pana  por ser Navidad y estar otra vez con esa gente que lastimosamente no vemos todos los días, pero cuando los ves….todo tiene sentido, y te das cuenta de que…sí la Navidad fuese todos los días estaríamos arruinados, pero es que estar junto a la gente querida no tiene precio. Adicionalmente están los adornos, los cuales por lo menos a mi persona; me hacen acordar gente que me los regalo o alguna anécdota relacionada a dicho objeto. De todos los ángulos posibles, a la final termino sonriendo.

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Hablando de las grandes ligas en Venezuela…

Ahora que se reinicio la temporada del beisbol  se supone que tenemos la oportunidad de disfrutar y admirar la ‘belleza’ y todas aquellas cosas que están alrededor de dicho deporte. Si hay algo que distingue a Venezuela es su cultura beisbolera; incluso el presidente Hugo Chávez es conocido internacionalmente por su afán al beisbol. Pero desafortunadamente, la inseguridad sigue azotando este país y su gente. Al punto que el pasado 9 de Noviembre de 2011 el cátcher de los ‘Washington Nationals’ Wilson Ramos, el cual jugaba para los ‘Tigres de Aragua’ fue secuestrado en Valencia por cuatro sujetos armados que se lo llevaron en una SUV.  Según el periódico El Nacional: ‘Un vecino estuvo involucrado en el secuestro de Ramos. ‘

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