Tag Archives: Republic

Por que abdico el Rey Juan Carlos I

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El Rey ha declinado sus poderes, la Corona permanece; esa es la virtualidad del sistema monárquico, un factor de estabilidad extraordinario.
La personalidad de Juan Carlos I, su talante y talento naturales, hace de su abdicación un punto y aparte en la Historia de España.

Alcanzado a ver los árboles por encima del bosque acordaríamos que su reinado ha tenido el carácter fundacional propio de los personajes que marcan la vida de sus naciones, gentes dotadas del sentido de la orientación y olfato necesarios para culminar la travesía después de haber fijado el rumbo adecuado para llegar a puerto.

El Rey comenzó a serlo en un Estado autocrático, cuya jefatura acumulaba todos los poderes en una sola mano. Pudo utilizarlos para desmontar aquel tinglado de la democracia orgánica pero su instinto le llevó a hacer el cambio desde ella misma; a recorrer el camino hasta la nueva legalidad desde aquel punto de partida, propósito que muchos consideraban imposible.

El objetivo fue cumplido y España dejó de ser políticamente diferente. Europa, la defensa occidental, alternancia de gobiernos, liberalizaciones, crecimiento y crisis; un país ejemplar para el mundo mientras duró el afán de superar la triste historia africanista de miseria y espadones prestos a salvarla. Una nación que conquistó la paz a golpe de urna, y el sentido histórico de su ser.

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Thomas Hobbes and John Locke as thinkers about a pre-political state of nature

From the seventeen and eighteen century, the concept of a state of nature became popular and controversial between political thinkers such as Thomas Hobbes and John Locke because in most cases it raised freedom and equality as a natural right to all man.  Even this, there is the debate around those thinkers and the ways their conceptions changed the overcoming political theories. This essay will Compare and contrast Thomas Hobbes and John Locke as thinkers about a pre-political state of nature

Thomas Hobbes political philosophy, which comes to full fruitition in Leviathan it simply change the way of political reasoning. Because he rejected as inadequate the fundamental assumption of ancient classical theorizing that in the polis or republic man found his natural fulfillment, and that civil freedom was to be defined as the privilege of the citizen who participated in rule.[1]  ‘With extraordinary boldness he claimed that in his writings he was not merely reforming or correcting the political philosophy of the past, but founding political philosophy itself.  In this scenario, it can be argued that Leviathan, like Plato’s Republic, is a work of inauguration. It inaugurates the modern theory of the state.’ [2] Hobbes’s Leviathan is commonly described as one of the greatest masterpieces of political theory in English language and the first of the great social contract treatises. In this book according to Hobbes the state can only be conceived as overcoming something anterior to it; something that empirically can only be glimpsed here and there, but which it is the task of the political theorist to draw out and present in its unadulterated form.  In addition, the lineaments of the Hobbesian state of nature are well known. It is a ‘condition which is called war; and such a war, as is of every man, against every man.  The state of nature here becomes a generalized picture of a world in which men are guided solely by their own ideas of what is “good” and ‘evil” and refuse to make any acknowledgement of a “common good” or “common evil”.[3]

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