Tag Archives: Caracas

Losada. A los 450 años de la fundación de Caracas.

 

Para acceder al árbol genealógico: Arbol genealógico familia Losada Pérez revisión 3
En su aniversario 450, he decidido publicar un pequeño artículo sobre este hermoso valle, llamado Caracas. Adicionalmente he decidido anexar información del árbol genealógico de Los Losada, por ser yo uno su descendientes.
*La Ciudad de Caracas fue fundada el 25 de Julio de 1567, por Diego De Losada, con el nombre de Santiago de León de Caracas, quien ese año emprendió una expedición que salió de El Tocuyo y llegó al valle de Caracas.

El nombre de la ciudad se derivó del apóstol tradicional de la Reconquista española, Santiago, santo militar de España; León por el nombre del gobernador de la provincia en aquella época, Ponce de León, y Caracas, en honor a las tribus indígenas que habitaban la región (los Kariña y los Arawak).

En el siglo XV, los españoles descubrieron las costas venezolanas, comenzando su colonización en la región en 1498. Sin embargo, no fue sino hasta el siglo XVI en 1558, que expandieron la colonización a otras áreas, haciendo el primer intento en lo que hoy es conocido como la ciudad de Caracas.

La fundación de Caracas tiene su origen en el hato ganadero de San Francisco, establecida en 1560 por el mestizo Francisco Fajardo, hijo del Gobernador de Margarita y de la indígena guaiquerí Isabel. Esa fundación surgió de otra población ubicada en la costa de Caracas, previamente fundada también por Fajardo, como consecuencia de sus intentos de poblar el Valle de Toromaimas, para apoyar la explotación de minas de oro en áreas cercanas a Los Teques, donde habitaba el valiente cacique Guaicaipuro.

Fajardo había partido dos veces, en 1555 y 1558, desde Margarita, su isla natal, para fundar ciudades en tierra firma, aprovechando su familiaridad y amistad con los indios que habitaban las costas nor-orientales y nor-centrales de Venezuela, y teniendo la ventaja de dominar la lengua de los aborígenes del área.

Cuando  Juan Rodríguez Suárez, explorador y fundador español llegó al hato de San Francisco, el territorio estaba en guerra contra los invasores españoles, y era atacado diariamente, causando la muerte de personas y animales. Con el fin de fortalecer el hato y utilizarlo como base estratégica para la conquista de la comarca, Rodríguez la convierte enVilla de San Francisco, nombra alcalde y regidores y distribuye las tierras entre los soldados.

La Villa de San Francisco no sobrevivió al ataque de los aborígenes de las etnias Teques, Mariches, Toromaimas, liderados por el cacique Guaicaipuro, quienes queman la provincia en octubre de 1561. Es entonces cuando Diego De Losada, ordena su reedificación y la nombra Santiago de León de Caracas.

Debido al clima y a su efectiva defensa contra corsarios y piratas, la ciudad experimenta gran crecimiento, convirtiéndose 10 años después de su fundación en cabeza de la provincia, momento en el que Juan de Pimentel la hace su residencia, cuando llega a Venezuela en 1576. Su residencia en Santiago de León produjo el tercer cambio de la capital administrativa de la provincia de Venezuela; de Coro en la costa occidental, a El Tocuyo en 1545, y después a Caracas en 1578, hasta la actualidad.

 

 


Protest in Venezuela still far from a democratic regime

20140515-144732.jpg

Venezuelan security forces arrested scores of people on Wednesday during a sweep of a busy Caracas avenue as protests against the government heat up amid a widening split within the opposition over whether to back possible U.S. sanctions.

The protest and police response comes as month-old negotiations aimed at easing tensions hang in the balance. The opposition on Tuesday froze talks with President Nicolas Maduro’s government, saying the climate for dialogue was impossible after the arrest last week of more than 200 student protesters who had been camping for weeks outside the offices of the United Nations and three plazas in the capital.

Many political observers believe that by halting the talks opposition leaders were caving to pressure from their own radical base, which is fuming over confusing statements by the top U.S. diplomat to Latin America.
Continue reading


Is Venezuela finally waking up? Here is a review

20140403-115813.jpg

One goes to Caracas and picks up so many stories, that when you return you don’t know where to start. But I thought I would lead up with the story of the students in front of the United Nations office in Caracas. In some sense it encompasses a number of stories of what is going on in Caracas in the protest movement an its relationship with the Maduro Government.

Essentially, a bunch of students (or not) have set up camp in front of the United Nations office which is in Avenida Francisco de Miranda in Los Palos Grandes. I may not like the #SOSVenezuela hashtag, but, as you can see in the picture above, they have focused on what the hell is the UN doing, or not, in Venezuela. But their reality, their plan is a bit more complicated than that.

The first day, the students set up maybe a couple of rows of tents. But, as you can see in the picture above, by now they are up to four rows and growing.

It is very colorful as the picture below shows, but this is more than just a spur of the moment plan.

When you first talk to them,there are a number of surprises. First, they are not all from Caracas. Second, they are not middle class. Finally, they are not all students, as many of them are part of radical, left wing groups 8yes!, real left wing not imitation Chavistas!) which oppose the Government. So, for fools that claim that these protests are somehow motivated by the US, driven my middle class students, please come down and talk to them. You will be surprised, really surprised.

The second interesting aspect, is that the UN is just a way of focusing on something. They know that the UN will do not much more than make a statement or two. But they also know, that where they are, they should be safe, they are close to Altamira where they can go protest every night and in a location where the protests can grow, as they have grown in the last week.

But more importantly, they think that Maduro is playing a game of patience. They believe Maduro wants the students to get tired, wear out the opposition with repression and nightly fights, which, much like in 2002 in Plaza Altamira, will lead to the students or the opposition getting tired and giving up.

But they have no plans of giving up.

Their plan is to grow the camp, as long as it is livable. To make their presence a nuisance, but one that gets the approval of the neighbors. But it has to be livable and sustainable. They have received donations, they have a couple of Porta Toilets, they cook for everyone, they organize protests. But more importantly, they rotate. The tents may have someone’s name on it, or State, but the truth is that they alternate. Each person has someone to occupy their place. The idea is to outlast the Government, to out-tire the National Guard or the Bolivarian Police. After all, nobody can say they are violent (even if they go help in Altamira) but if the Government were to decide to move them out, repress them, it would be the Government that would look bad.
Continue reading


When did the protests in Venezuela begin?

20140324-113545.jpg

Nationwide student protests started last month. On February 12, the demonstrations attracted global attention when three people were killed.
Demonstrators are demanding better security, an end to goods shortages and protected freedom of speech.

Who is opposition leader Leopoldo Lopez?

Protest leader releases vid to supporters CNN cameras taken at gunpoint
Major social and economic problems have fueled the protests. But as the demonstrations gained steam, officials have pointed fingers at other factors and accused the United States of plotting to destabilize the government.
Some blame Venezuela’s government, led by President Nicolas Maduro, for those problems. Maduro and other officials blame the opposition for the security and economic problems.
The protests are the largest Maduro has faced in his 11 months in power. He has called opposition members fascists and compared them to an infection that needs to be cured.

Who’s protesting?

Many demonstrators across the country are students, but prominent opposition politicians have also joined marches.
Since February 13, more than 2,000 stories from Venezuela have been uploaded to iReport, CNN’s user-generated platform. Many of the videos and photos are gruesome, and depict violent scenes between demonstrators and police.

Continue reading


As another day in Venezuela goes by

20140323-113931.jpg

THICK clouds of teargas hung in the air over the north gate of the Central University (UCV) in Caracas on March 12th. A police helicopter clattered overhead; on campus, plain-clothes gunmen on motorcycles, some bearing the initials of the national guard, harassed student demonstrators.

A month after the government crack-down on protesters began, Venezuela’s crisis is deepening. This was the bloodiest single day since three people were killed in Caracas on March 12th. Eighteen injuries were reported at the UCV, after a previously peaceful student march to demand the resignation of the Venezuelan government ombudsman was halted on the orders of President Nicolás Maduro.
Continue reading


List of fatalities as protests go in Venezuela

20140321-131632.jpg

This list has been compiled using reports from Venezuelan authorities and media. It includes all deaths which have been reportedly connected with the protests, riots, and street barricades. However it does not include several cases which have been included on other lists, due to the possibility that these deaths were not related to the political violence but were in fact the result of other criminal violence. It also differs slightly from the count held by Venezuelan authorities, which does not appear to include the two cases mentioned below of deaths caused by barricades delaying patients in a critical condition from reaching hospital.

It is important to highlight that both this and all other counts are made using the available information and the judgment of the authors. New information produced as investigations proceed may change which cases count as being connected to the political violence, and who the perpetrator of each murder is considered to be. Observers are welcome to send in information to VA.com on cases that may have been missed, or information that suggests that cases which have been excluded from the current list should be included.

The list is as follows:

1,2 & 3: On 12 February, an opposition activist, José Roberto Redman (21), a pro-opposition carpenter, Bassil DaCosta (23), and a Chavista social activist, Juan Montoya (40) were killed during clashes in Caracas.
Continue reading


About political situation in Venezuela today

20140319-125909.jpg

A lot of people argue that these protests are too early. That the barrios are not participating. That the people still support the Government widely and many other such arguments. While there is evidence to counteract each of these claims, I think they try to oversimplify the problem. In the end, the “barrios” are not where the opposition is weak, it is in the very rural states, where the people have a very high dependence on the Government. These are the true Chavista strongholds, where the media is fully dominated by the Government and the opposition gets less than 40% of the vote in any given election. In the barrios of the big cities, the 2013 Presidential elections tended to be closer, with the opposition scoring wins in many.
Continue reading


Hablando de las grandes ligas en Venezuela…

Ahora que se reinicio la temporada del beisbol  se supone que tenemos la oportunidad de disfrutar y admirar la ‘belleza’ y todas aquellas cosas que están alrededor de dicho deporte. Si hay algo que distingue a Venezuela es su cultura beisbolera; incluso el presidente Hugo Chávez es conocido internacionalmente por su afán al beisbol. Pero desafortunadamente, la inseguridad sigue azotando este país y su gente. Al punto que el pasado 9 de Noviembre de 2011 el cátcher de los ‘Washington Nationals’ Wilson Ramos, el cual jugaba para los ‘Tigres de Aragua’ fue secuestrado en Valencia por cuatro sujetos armados que se lo llevaron en una SUV.  Según el periódico El Nacional: ‘Un vecino estuvo involucrado en el secuestro de Ramos. ‘

Continue reading


%d bloggers like this: