Category Archives: Everything else

Perception and reality

Reality is not as obvious and simple as we like to think. Some of the things that we accept as true at face value are notoriously wrong. Scientists and philosophers have made every effort to change our common perceptions of it. The 10 examples below will show you what I mean. 

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Heraldica Losada


Historia y origen: Casa solar primitiva en el valle de Quiroga, un municipio en la provincia de Lugo.
Sobre el origen del apellido existen varias versiones, aunque la más aceptada es la que cuenta que hacia el año 900, el Conde don Arias Godo, Señor de Asturias, acompañó por tierras de Quiroga, a Alfonso III el Magno, Rey de Asturias y de León (832-912), con el objeto de repoblar las comarcas reconquistadas a los moros.
El Conde fue acompañado por sus hijos Sisiberto, Astolfo, Sifaldo y Usibando, quienes aniquilaron una plaga de inmensos lagartos que habitaba en cuevas de la región.
Según relato de Don José Llamas, cronista de Rionegro del Puente y a quién conocimos en reciente visita a esa comarca, reinaba ya en León el Rey Ordoño II (871 – 924), quien en compensación a tan gloriosa hazaña de darle muerte a los lagartos, les concede las tierras de la comarca y el apellido de Losada, derivado de las losas de pizarra utilizadas para tapiar las madrigueras los saurios.
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Britons and Spanish jails…. is Spain flooded ?


More than two thousand Britons ended up in Spanish jails last year after being arrested for drunk and abusive behaviour.

Not only did the number of arrests for holidaymakers on the Costas increase by a third on the previous year, but 6,710 Britons contacted embassies to say they had lost their passports.

The figures were released yesterday by the Foreign Office, which added a double warning – behave yourself when you are abroad, and make sure that you have taken out travel insurance.

In addition to the 2,032 Britons arrested in Spain, 695 needed hospital treatment 29 were raped, and 1,591 – mostly permanent residents – died there. Most of the arrests were the outcome of heavy drinking.

Recent examples include an incident in which a Spanish girl who had been sent to learn English at a summer camp for 10 to 14-year-olds in Tossa de Mar rang her parents to say that she and other children had locked themselves in a bungalow to hide from their English tutors. The two British tutors were drunk and trying to force their way into the bungalow. After police arrived, other children complained of being slapped and getting demands for money. Three Britons were arrested and face charges.

In June a car jumped a red light in the Spanish town of Estepona, and ploughed into a group of people, injuring two women, a two year old, and two babies. Police found the vehicle nearby and impounded it. The next day, a British tourist called at the police station claiming his car was missing. He later admitted he was the driver.
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About Ebola virus


As of July 2014, the ongoing Ebola virus epidemic in West Africa holds the record for being the worst outbreak in the recorded history of the virus. The outbreak – which has affected the countries of Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone – now has more than a thousand cases, in which more than half of those are confirmed.

Infections of Ebola virus cause a viral hemorrhagic (bleeding) fever officially known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever or Ebola virus disease, a deadly disease with a fatality rate of up to 90%.

DEADLY VIRUS. This colorized transmission electron micrograph (TEM) obtained March 24, 2014 from the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) in Atlanta, Georgia, reveals some of the ultrastructural morphology displayed by an Ebola virus virion. Photo by Cynthia Goldsmith/CDC/AFP

Though more concentrated in parts of Africa, history shows that cases of infection have popped up in other countries as well, particularly here in the Philippines.

Here are few things that you need to know about Ebola virus and the disease that it causes.

1. Ebola outbreaks commonly occur in Central and West Africa.

Ebola was first detected in 1976 during simultaneous outbreaks that occurred in Nzara, Sudan, and Yambuku in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The virus received its name from the Ebola River found in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

In the past 38 years, major outbreaks of the virus happened 6 times in the Democratic Republic of Congo, 3 times in South Sudan, 4 times in Gabon, Uganda, and the Republic of Congo, and once in Cote d’Ivoire and South Africa. The recent 2014 Ebola outbreaks are also in West African countries.

2. Ebola cases have also occurred in countries outside Africa, including the Philippines.

One case of human Ebola virus infection was recorded in the UK in 1976 after a laboratory accident.

In 1989, 1990, and 1996, the virus was detected in primate facilities in the Philippines that exported monkeys all over the globe, leading to 3 cases of viral infection among humans. In the same three years, monkeys exported from said facilities introduced the virus in the USA, causing 4 cases of human infection.
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World Cup 2014 is finally HERE!!!


One pic says it all.

Marbella 2013


One week ago I had the chance to travel to this gorgeous place called Marbella, just 2 hours and 40 minutes away for Gatwick airport in London. So, here I will tell a bit about my experience.

The first thing I noticed when I arrived was the blue sky and sunny weather!!! can you believe it? just 2 hours away from London and then everything is so different. Of course in Malaga they speak spanish so they have this particular cheeky accent which makes me feels at home.
As soon as I get out the airport I looked for jamon iberico the bellota right there next to the airport where I tried this popular ham made from nuts feed pigs.

In my trip the weather stayed between 24 and 28 degrees. My starting point was San Pedro de Alcantara which is near to the coast and nearest to the sea. I mean the amount of sea food I had was absolutely brilliant!!! and fresh!!! plus the prices were good.

We went around Marbella and Costa del Sol which is a really posh place, a lot of luxuries to enjoy, discover and see. Common names around there were: Armani, Gucci, Rolex, Bentley, Ferrari, Lamborghini and many many more but indeed the best thing is the beach.
The sand is so soft and white, plus the air is so fresh. Theres almost no pollution. The water was quite cold but nothing like in the UK. I really enjoyed it
and widely recommend it.

Here are some pics of my trip!!! enjoy

Termas del Flaco ¿Qué lo hace tan especial?

Vista Aérea_Termas del Flaco

Olvidadas entre las montañas que hoy separan los territorios de Chile y Argentina se pueden encontrar – en perfecto estado de conservación – huellas pertenecientes a los dinosaurios del Jurásico Superior que poblaron América del Sur. Estudios realizados hasta la fecha nos convencen de que en este lugar se preservan huellas de dinosaurios saurópodos, ornitópodos y terópodos (estos últimos los famosos Velociraptor que vimos en la película Jurassic Park) grabados en una superficie inclinada, debido al plegamiento de la Cordillera de los Andes.

La escasa promoción turística de la que goza dicho recurso, sumada a la alta popularidad que tienen las piscinas de aguas termales – el otro de los atractivos importantes del lugar – podrían hacer que un visitante poco informado pasase por alto las pistas que delatan su existencia mientras llega y deambula por Termas del Flaco. Únicamente Simón, autóctono y experto del sector, narrando la historia de su formación nos explica cómo estas pisadas llegaron hasta allí: “hace unos 150 millones de años, los dinosaurios que poblaban estos territorios de la XI Región de Chile huyeron aterrorizados, escapando de la violenta erupción de un volcán, dejando decenas de huellas impresas sobre el barro. Las cenizas arrojadas por la explosión cubrieron por completo estas antiguas pisadas, conservándolas en perfecto estado hasta el día de hoy”.

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Is it possible to defeat all sceptical doubts relating to our knowledge of the external world?

The debate about if it is possible to defeat sceptical doubts have been debated in Philosophy for long time since. The reason claims that we cannot know for sure about all the things that surround us. This essay will discuss Is it possible to defeat all sceptical doubts relating to our knowledge of the external world?

At a first view everything I do appears to be real. I define real all the things I do while I am awake. Reality is therefore defined as everything we can have an idea of. For example If I tell than an object have 4 legs we imagine or tend to imagine a wide range of objects or animals with 4 legs; but if I say chair then you picture any kind of 4 leg element with this description. In reality the same happens; reality is showed as a picture that I can sense, smell, touch, and hear but never ever be sure that is real. The reason is we don’t know. And the more we dig in the more certainty we can assure this acknowledge.

“ for anything anyone believes there are equals powerful reasons for believe the opposite” So live without opinions”   -Pyrrho

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100’s amazing places, one World.

I just selected some amazing places to go and decided to share it with the world. For me it brings a lot of energy, enthusiasm happiness. ENJOY!!!!

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Democracy assistance has little chance of being effective without the carrot and stick of conditionality?


Definition carrot and stick: Strategy often used in negotiations where one side offers the other something it wants while threatening negative sanctions if the other side does not comply with its requests.

Ever since the fall of the Berlin Wall, there has been confusion for disagreement over the primary purpose(s) of political strategies of external support for democratization and their theoretical justification. Carothers’ idea of a ‘‘democracy template’’ (1999:88) comprising electoral process, state institutions, and civil society, reflecting an idealized view of U.S. liberal democracy arranges the typical components of conventional democracy support. First, there are goals for each of these three ‘‘sectors,’’ such as free and fair elections, and then individual forms of assistance, for example; international election observation. The simplest strategy for support refers to choices among these three sectors and their components.[1]

Democratization assistance is an established and growing industry. Yet, in a survey of 40 democracies; efforts to protect and promote democracy abroad, only three countries (Canada, the Netherlands, and Sweden) were rated ‘‘very good’’[2]. Thus, it seems there is scope to do better. In contrast, two problematic aspects of democratization after intervention are the regional environment of the new democracies and the economic structure of the country. Several empirical studies indicate that the prospects for democracy are worse for countries that are located in non-democratic neighbourhoods [3] and that stable democracy is less likely in poor or oil-dependent countries.[4]

Conditionality can be defined as an agreement between two actors, in which actor 1 offers a reward to actor 2. This reward is granted if actor 2 fulfils certain conditions. In case the conditions are not met by actor 2 the reward is simply withheld (positive conditionality) or punishment follows (negative conditionality). To exert conditionality as a reward-based policy between two actors, asymmetric negotiation power has to be in place. This means that actor 1 has to be able to offer attractive incentives which actor 2 wants to have and cannot achieve easily. When analyzing social interaction from an incentives- and interest-based position, conditionality is first of all understood as a mode of action. Additionally, it can be used purposely as a political strategy to apply a reward-based policy between two political actors and to institutionalize asymmetric interaction. In this case, conditionality can be used to promote democracy by combining attractive rewards with certain conditions of democratic development.

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